Excavated Footage, US Archives, and Alternative Historiography

The Speakers

Nicolas J. Cull

Nicholas J. Cull is Professor of Public Diplomacy and Founding Director of the Master’s Program in Public Diplomacy at USC. His research and teaching focus on the role of public engagement in foreign policy. An acknowledged pioneer in Public Diplomacy teaching and research and its best-known historian, he is the author of The Cold War and the United States Information Agency: American Propaganda and Public Diplomacy, 1945-1989 (Cambridge, 2008); The Decline and Fall of the United States Information Agency: American Public Diplomacy, 1989-2001 (Palgrave, 2012) and the recently published Public Diplomacy: Foundations for Global Engagement in the Digital Age (Polity, 2019). He and his research were featured in the Peabody award-winning documentary film Jazz Ambassadors (PBS/BBC 2018). His first book was Selling War (Oxford, 1995), a study of British information work in the United States before Pearl Harbor. He has published numerous articles, chapters and edited collections on the theme of public diplomacy and media history. He is an active media historian who has been part of the movement to include film especially within the mainstream of historical sources. His film work includes (with James Chapman) Projecting Empire: Imperialism and Popular Cinema (I. B. Tauris, 2009) and Projecting Tomorrow: Science Fiction and Popular Cinema (I.B. Tauris, 2013). He is currently writing a history of the international campaign against Apartheid in South Africa.

Yuka Tsuchiya

Tsuchiya, Yuka is a professor of American Studies at Kyoto University, Graduate School of Human and Environmental Studies in Japan. She is interested in construction and transmission of knowledge during the Cold War, especially in the U.S.-East Asia inter-cultural domain. Her most recent publications are Cultural Cold War and Science & Technology (forthcoming in 2021 from Kyoto University Press. An English version is forthcoming in 2022), and a co-edited volume Knowledge as Diplomacy: East Asia and the U.S. in the Early Cold War Era (forthcoming in 2021 from Kyoto University Press. English and Chinese versions are forthcoming in 2022). She has published many articles on U.S. public diplomacy and media during the Cold War, including “Cold War Radio Broadcasts American Science: VOA Forum and U.S. Public Diplomacy” in Japanese Journal of American Studies, 54 (April 2020), and “Anti-Nuclear and Anti-Communist: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and the Congress of Cultural Freedom in the 1950s” in Japanese Journal of American History, 43 (September 2018).

Hadi Gharabaghi

Hadi Gharabaghi has researched the USIA/S paper-trail at NARA II extensively for his dissertation project that addresses the decade-long documentary and audiovisual mission of the USIA/S in Iran during the 1950s. Hadi's article publications include: "Documentary Diplomacy & Audiovisual Modernization: A Cold War Genealogy of Arab Cinema during the 1950s through American Declassified Archives," in Cinema of the Arab World: Contempo-rary Directions in Theory and Practice, ed. Terri Ginsberg and Chris Lippard (Palgrave Macmillan, 2019) and "The Syracuse Audiovisual Mission to Iran during the 1950s and the Rise of Documentary Diplomacy," in the upcoming issue of Journal of Cinema and Media Studies (60:04) in Summer 2021.

Regina Longo

Regina Longo is an audiovisual archivist, historian, researcher, producer, and film programmer. She manages the MCM film and video archives and teaches in the department of Modern Culture and Media at Brown University. She began her archival career at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, DC, and has managed preservation efforts for the Albanian National Film Archives through the Albanian Cinema Project, the capacity building nonprofit project she founded. She taught at SUNY Purchase, UCSC, and UCSB, where she received her PhD. She continues to consult and produce content for public history museums and volunteers her time to aid archives at risk globally. She is currently a director of the Board of the Association of Moving Image Archivists, an international nonprofit association dedicated to the preservation and use of moving image media.

Bret Vukoder

Bret Vukoder is a scholar working in film and media studies, cultural studies, Cold War history, and literature. He recently earned his Ph.D. in Literary and Cultural Studies at Carnegie Mellon University (August 2020), defending his dissertation “Filmic Aesthetics and Technologies of War, Policy, and ‘Truth’ in the Motion Pictures of the United States Information Agency.” His work primarily investigates the motion pictures of the massive Cold War-era office, the U.S. Information Agency (USIA). Within different regional and temporal contexts, he asks how policy, culture, and bureaucracy inform motion picture aesthetics, circulation, and reception.

Mark J. Williams

Mark Williams is Associate Professor of Film and Media Studies at Dartmouth College. He received both of his graduate degrees in Critical Studies from The School of Cinema-Television at The University of Southern California. He has previously taught at USC, Loyola Marymount, UC Santa Barbara, and Northwestern. His courses at Dartmouth include surveys of U.S. and international film history, television history and theory, and new media history and theory. He has published in a variety of journals and anthologies, including Rediscovering U.S. Newsfilm: Cinema, Television, Archive; The Routledge Companion to Media Studies and the Digital Humanities; The Arclight Guidebook to Media History and the Digital Humanities; A Companion to the History of American Broadcasting; Télévision: le moment expérimental (1935-1955); No Laughing Matter: Visual Humor in Ideas of Race, Nationality, and Ethnicity; Convergence Media History; New Media: Theories and Practices of Digitextuality; Collecting Visible Evidence; Dietrich Icon; Television, History, and American Culture: Feminist Critical Essays; and Living Color: Race, Feminism, and Television. He directed the Leslie Center Humanities Institute entitled Cyber-Disciplinarity. In conjunction with the Dartmouth College Library, he is the founding editor of an e-journal, The Journal of e-Media Studies. With Adrian Randolph, he co-edits the book series Interfaces: Studies in Visual Culture for the University Press of New England. He founded and has twice directed the Dartmouth off-campus program in Los Angeles for The Department of Film and Media Studies. With Michael Casey, he received an NEH Digital Humanities Start-Up Grant in 2011 to build the ACTION toolset for cinema analysis. In 2014 he received an award for Scholarly Innovation and Advancement at Dartmouth for directing The Media Ecology Project. In 2015 he received an NEH Tier 1 Research and Development grant with John Bell to build the Semantic Annotation Tool (SAT) for use in The Media Ecology Project. In 2016, with Lorenzo Torresani and the participation of The Internet Archive, he received a Knight Foundation grant to make film libraries more searchable and discoverable via software that will annotate speech, objects and actions in film. His book Remote Possibilities, a History of Early Television in Los Angeles, will be published by Duke University Press.

Kathleen M. Ryan

Kathleen M. Ryan is an Associate Professor in Journalism ad the University of Colorado Boulder. Her research and creative work focus on transformations in storytelling due to shifting media technologies. Specifically, she explores the intersection of theory and praxis within evolving media forms such as the interactive documentary. Her hybrid projects deal with issues of gender, self-identity, visuality and user/participant agency.

David M. Staton

David M. Staton is an Asst. Professor in Journalism and Media Studies at the University of Northern Colorado. His research interests include ethical representation within sport, new media, and documentary film.

Brian Real

Brian Real is an assistant professor of information and library science at Southern Connecticut State University. His research on public libraries and film archives has appeared in venues including The Moving Image, Library Quarterly, and Public Library Quarterly. He is also the lead author of the American Library Association report Rural Libraries in the United States: Recent Strides, Future Possibilities, and Meeting Community Needs and editor of the book Rural and Small Public Libraries: Challenges and Opportunities, both published in 2017.

Jennifer Horne

Jennifer Horne is Associate Professor in the Film and Digital Media Department at University of California, Santa Cruz. She is a film and media historian whose scholarship focuses on the histories of American moving image media as civic and instructional discourse, from the late 19th-century to the late 20th-century. Her research examines those film and media practices frequently overlooked by studies of mainstream media but nonetheless central to an understanding of mass media as public sphere and as a locus of civic participation. Prof. Horne is currently completing a book-length study of film in American everyday life in the 1910s and 1920s, tracing uses of educational film by women's clubs, service organizations, charity groups, government agencies, and public libraries. She plans to continue this work on film and civic life in a second book on the film and mass media operations of the United States Information Agency. That project will examine sponsored filmmaking and cultural diplomacy in the context of the Cold War, and will focus on the international mass media activites of the State Department and the United States Information Agency outside of the US after World War II. She is a member of the National Film Preservation Board and is on the Advisory Board of the journal Camera Obscura.

Jung-a Kim

Jung-a Kim is participating in the Korea Broadcasting System (KBS)'s contemporary history documentary production team as a visual researcher, since the production of the 10-episode KBS Documentary series Korean War in 1990. She is also studying as a PhD student in the Department of Humanities for Unification at Konkuk University, on education of peace and unification using visual documents.

Xin Peng

Xin Peng is a Ph.D. candidate in Cinema and Media Studies at the University of Washington, Seattle, and the current Managing Editor of Feminist Media Histories: An International Journal. Her dissertation examines the ways in which racial and orientalist thinking informed the development of media technologies and the formation of cinematic aesthetics in the interwar period of American cinema. Her essay, “Anna May Wong and Sessue Hayakawa: Racial Performance, Ornamentalism, and Yellow Voice(s) in Daughter of the Dragon (1931),” won the 2020 Transnational Cinemas Scholarly Interest Group Graduate Essay Award at the Society for Cinema and Media Studies and is forthcoming in Camera Obscura: Feminism, Culture, and Media Studies. She is the 2021-22 graduate research fellow of the Society of Scholars at the Walter Chapin Simpson Center for the Humanities, and recipient of Elizabeth Kerr Macfarlane Endowed Scholarship and Joff Hanauer for Excellence in Western Civilization Graduate Fellowship in 2020-21. Her works can be seen in the Women Film Pioneers Project and New Review of Film and Television Studies.

Joseph W. Ho

Joseph W. Ho is Assistant Professor of History at Albion College, Michigan, and a Center Associate at the University of Michigan’s Lieberthal-Rogel Center for Chinese Studies. His research concerns transnational visual culture in Sino-US encounters and modern East Asia; he has published essays on these topics in U.S. Catholic Historian, the UCLA Historical Journal, and Education About Asia, among others. Ho is the co-editor of War and Occupation in China: The Letters of an American Missionary from Hangzhou, 1937-1938 (Rowman & Littlefield, 2017), and author of the upcoming book, Developing Mission: Photography, Filmmaking, and American Missionaries in Modern China (Cornell University Press, 2022).

Juwon Kim

Juwon Kim is a first-year doctoral student working on the history of modern and contemporary Korea in the Department of East Asian Studies at the University of Toronto. She received her Bachelor of Arts degree in East Asian Studies at Columbia University and Master of Arts degree in Regional Studies – East Asia at Harvard University. She is interested in the cultural industries of film and literature during postwar and Cold War periods, the politics of historical knowledge and memory, and the relationship between national identity and diaspora studies.

Martin L. Johnson

Martin L. Johnson is an assistant professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. His first book, Main Street Movies: The History of Local Film in the United States, was published by Indiana University Press in 2018. He is currently working on two book projects—a history of advertising film in the United States (1896-1928) and a history of early educational film in the United States. His essay “A Distant Local View: The Small Town Film and U.S. Cultural Diplomacy and Occupation, 1942-1952,” will be published in the forthcoming A Companion to Documentary Film History (Wiley Blackwell).

Sean David Christensen

Sean David Christensen is a visual artist who works in music & film. His work has been featured at the Hammer Museum, San Francisco International Film Festival, Austin Film Festival & Pictoplasma Berlin. Christensen's most recent film, Ghost Tape #10, was produced in the MVA (Visual Anthropology) program at the USC Center for Visual Anthropology in 2018. Winner of five festival awards including "Best Student Film - Honorable Mention" at the 2019 Society for Visual Anthropology Film & Media Festival, the film is currently used as a teaching aid in classrooms nationwide. Christensen's work focuses on subjective memory and its interpretation as well as historical remembrance & fantasy. Christensen is a graduate of the Center for Visual Anthropology at the University of Southern California and lives & works in Los Angeles.

Shota Tsai Ogawa

Shota Tsai Ogawa teaches Cinema Studies at Nagoya University. His research interests include film archive study, Korean diaspora, and the interrelations of cinema and modern mobility. He is co-editor of the Routledge Handbook of Japanese Cinema (2020), the first introductory volume on Japanese cinema to include a section devoted to the subject of film preservation. In addition to "Regional Film Archive in Transit," his own contribution to this handbook, Ogawa has written on film archives and archival film materials in The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus (2014), Perspectives on Oshima Nagisa (2015), Juncture (2017), and Media Fields Journal (2019). His current book project investigates travel films in imperial Japan.

Jennifer Anne Blaylock

Jennifer Blaylock is a Visiting Assistant Professor in Cinema Studies at Oberlin College. She is currently working on a book project, entitled Making Media New: Race in African Media History, that analyzes discourses about new media technologies in Africa from the early twentieth century to the present. Her research is forthcoming in Journal of African Cinemas and boundary 2. In addition to her PhD in Film & Media Studies from University of California, Berkeley, Jennifer holds an MA in Moving Image Archiving and Preservation from New York University. Her research has been funded by US Fulbright, the UC Humanities Research Institute, and the UC Consortium for Black Studies in California.

Hahkyung Darline Kim

Hahkyung Darline Kim is a doctoral candidate in the Film and Digital Media Ph.D. program at University of California, Santa Cruz. Her research and filmmaking practices focus on transcultural and transmedia articulations of documentary, experimental ethnography, state media, and immigration historiography. Most recently, her video artwork based on USIS-Korea films, MemoRandom, was exhibited at the Korean Media Art Festival in New York; and her translations of Im Hwa’s “Discourse on Joseon Cinema” have been published in the Journal of Japanese and Korean Cinema. Other films and video works have been screened and exhibited in Seoul, Madrid, and New York.

Sangjoon Lee

Sangjoon Lee is a historian of Asian cinema whose interests span the cultural Cold War and Asian cinema, South Korean cinema and popular culture, international film festivals, and the film industries in contemporary Asia. He is Assistant Professor in the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information at Nanyang Technological University. Lee is the author of Cinema and the Cultural Cold War: US Diplomacy and the Origins of the Asian Cinema Network (Cornell University Press, 2020), the editor of Hallyu 2.0: The Korean Wave in the Age of Social Media (University of Michigan Press, 2015) and Rediscovering Korean Cinema (University of Michigan Press, 2019), and the guest editor of “Reorienting Asian Cinema in the Age of the Chinese Film Market (Screen, 2019), “The Chinese Film Industry: Emerging Debates” (Journal of Chinese Cinemas, 2019), and “Transmedia and Asian Cinema” (Asian Cinema, 2020). Lee is currently writing a new monograph Border Crossings in Celluloid Asia: South Korea’s Encounter with Sinophone Cinemas and editing two books - Asian Cinema and the Cultural Cold War and The South Korean Film Industry.

Han Sang Kim

Han Sang Kim is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Ajou University. His fields of research include visual sociology, film archival studies, Cold War governmentality in East Asia, Korean and East Asian film history, and the cultural history of mobilities. His first book, Cine-Mobility: A New Look At Korea’s Modernity in the 20th Century (Harvard University Asia Center, 2022), seeks to trace the association between cinematic visuality and modern transportation mobility in forming a modern subjectivity in twentieth century Korea, and is forthcoming through Harvard University Asia Center's publication program. He is concurrently working on his second book project based on his doctoral dissertation on U.S. film propaganda activities towards South Korea from 1945 through 1972, putting on a self-reflexive critique of information-oriented archival approaches to film materials and expanding the project onto a methodological exploration. Today’s paper is developed from a couple of chapters of this dissertation and is still on the way to a massive revision. He has published essays in The Journal of Asian Studies, Journal of Korean Studies, Inter-Asian Cultural Studies, and several other journals in Korean. He was the inaugural programmer of the Cinematheque KOFA at the Korean Film Archive in Seoul and taught at UC San Diego, Boston University, and Rice University during his postdoctoral years.

Chonghwa Chung

Chonghwa Chung is a senior researcher at the Korean Film Archive and adjunct professor with Kyung Hee and Chung Ang universities in South Korea. He published the five volumes of the series of Joseon cinema in Japanese Magazines (Korean Film Archive) from 2010 to 2014. He received a JSPS post-doctoral fellowship and worked at Kyoto University Institute for Research in Humanities from 2014 to 2016. His publications include 100 Years of Korean Film History: From Birth to Globalized Development (Akashi Shoten, 2017), Korean Modern Film History: From 1892 to 1945 (Co-author, Dolbegae, 2019). His papers include ‘The Identity of “Joseon Film”: Between Colonial Cinema and National Cinema’ in Korea Journal Vol.59 No.4, Winter 2019.

Eric Hoyt

Eric Hoyt's teaching and research concentrate on digital media production, media history, and the intersections between media history and the digital humanities. He is the author of Hollywood Vault: Film Libraries before Home Video, which explores the content libraries owned by the Hollywood studios and how the value of old movies changed over time. He is also a co-editor of Hollywood and the Law and The Arclight Guidebook to Media History and the Digital Humanities. His current book projects intersect with the digital projects I am working on and explore the preservation of podcasts and the history of Hollywood trade papers. He is Associate Professor in the Department of Communication Arts at University of Wisconsin-Madison, and the Director of the Media History Digital Library, which has digitized over 2.5 million pages of out-of-copyright film and broadcasting periodicals for broad public access. He also designed and produced the MHDL’s search and visualization platform, Lantern. You can read more about his research and teaching on his website, http://erichoyt.org.